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Z-test : A Brief Overview

Author: Guest, Posted on Sunday, January 09 @ 06:41:22 IST by RxPG  

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In some situations the sequence of steps used in t-test can be done using z-scores instead of t-scores. Then such a test is called z-test.

Use: z-test is/can be used in place of t-test when
The population standard deviation is known which allows the standard error, rather than the estimated SE to be found
The sample is sufficiently large (n > 200) for the SD to provide a reliable estimate of SE.

Funda: Although there a situations in which a t-test can be used but z-test cannot, there are no situations in which a z-test can be used but a t-test cannot. So t-tests are the most important and widely used of the two.

Note: Source: Page 79; RxPG Biostatistics Buster, Tyagi, Jaypee Publishers.

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