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Ireland - Lifestyle

Author: RxPG, Posted on Sunday, June 08 @ 20:10:47 IST by RxPG  

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Population density remains low, only Dublin can claim true city status on a worldwide scale, and its population of 1.2 million is far from overwhelming.

The total population of the island is around 5 million.

Life in the country often seems untouched by time, the pace of life is noticeably slower. This coupled with the natural friendliness of the people means Ireland is a place where one can truly relax.


Ireland is an island of 84,288 sq. km (32,544 miles). At its longest it measures 485km (302miles), and at its widest it measures 304km (189 miles). 

The highest mountain is Carrantuohill coming in at 1,040 metres( 3,414feet).

The longest river is the Shannon stretching for some 370 kms (230 miles) to the Atlantic.

The largest lake is Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland. 

The island is divided into four provinces 

  • Ulster (9 counties) is in the north
  • Munster (6 counties) is in the south
  • Leinster (12 counties) is in the east and
  • Connacht (5 counties) is in the west.


Time in Ireland is as GMT.


Ireland has a temperate climate, winters are not very cold and summers not very warm. 

The influence of the sea, and Ireland's island nature mean that visits are possible at any time of the year. 

Average temperatures in the coldest months of January and February are 4oC rising to between 17oC and 20oC in the summer months of July and August, it is during this time that tourism is at its peak. 

The brightest months are May and June. Rain can be expected at any time of year, the driest part of the island is the greater Dublin area on the east coast.


Ireland has two official languages, Gaelic and English.

English is the everyday language used by the vast majority of the population. 

Small communities do exist where Irish is the spoken language; these are mostly restricted to the western side of the country.


Mains electricity is supplied at 220 Volts (50 cycles). Plugs are flat with three pins. An adapter is needed to convert to the right plug size.

A transformer is needed to convert American appliances (except for dual-voltage equipment which needs only an adapter).


In most hotels and restaurants a service charge of 10-15% is added to the bill. A small tip is appreciated for good service. 

Tipping is not usual in pubs, except when you are served at your table.

Cabs are tipped 10%.


Telephone tones and their significance vary from country to country. These are the tones used throughout the island of Ireland:

  • Dial Tone - a continuous high pitched tone
  • Ringing Tone - a repeated double beat tone (burr-burr)
  • Engaged Tone - a high pitched, broken tone (beep-beep-beep).

Public Phones in Ireland

There are public telephones in many outdoor locations, as well as in Telecentres, public buildings - including rail and bus stations, shops, pubs, restaurants and hotels. Local, trunk and international calls can be dialled direct from these phones.

Telecom Eireann, the national phone company, has introduced Cardphones in cities and towns throughout Ireland. Cards can be purchased in Telecentres as well as post offices and retail outlets, displaying the Callcard sign. 

Cards can be purchased in 10, 20, 50 and 100 unit denominations. Operating instructions are displayed in each kiosk or on the payphone itself.

For location of Cardphones and Callcard Agents ring Freefone 1800 250 250. 

A list of all Irish regional codes and International direct dialling codes is contained in the front of the telephone directory.

International Credit Cards

Credit cards from most countries are accepted by the international telephone exchange for costs incurred by calls back to the country in which the card was issued.

Emergency Numbers

In case of emergency, Dial 999 and ask the operator for the emergency service you require: Fire, Gardaν (Police), Ambulance, boat and coastal Rescue, Mountain and Cave rescue.

When the emergency service answers, state the address or location at which help is needed.

Calls to these services are free of charge.


The Irish Pound (or Punt), is made up of 100 pence. Please check with your bank for rates of exchange. 

Punts can be purchased at foreign exchange departments at your local bank or at any bank in Ireland (including those located at airports which are open for all flight arrivals).

ATMs (Automatic Teller Machines) are located at most banks and most accept major credit cards, particularly Visa and MasterCard, as well as Plus and Cirrus debit cards.


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· Irish PLAB Forum
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· Irish Medical Times
· Royal College Surgeons
· Irish Medical Council


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