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Infectious Disease Names and their Etiologies

Author: doctorgirl78, Posted on Sunday, September 07 @ 18:03:19 IST by RxPG  

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Medicine

Here's an extensive list of infectious diseases.


A
Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (*) - Coxsackie A-24 virus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Enterovirus 70 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Acute hemorrhagic cystitis (*) - Adenovirus 11 and 21 (Adenovirus)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Sydrome (AIDS) - Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1 and HIV-2) (retrovirus)


Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA)- late skin manifestation of latent Lyme disease- Borrelia burgdorferi (Spirochetes)
Adult T-cell Leukemia-Lymphoma (ATLL) - Human T-cell Leukemia viruses I or II (retrovirus)
African Sleeping Sickness - Trypanosomiasis - African= Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (tsetse fly-borne)
Alveolar hydatid - Echinococcus multilocularis (larval cestode infection)
Amebiasis - Entamoeba histolytica (protozoan parasite)
Amebic meningoencephalitis- Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoeba species, and Balamuthia mandrillaris (protozoan)
Anthrax - Black Bane- Malignant pustule- Wool sorter's disease- Tanner's disease- Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Ascariasis - Roundworm infections - Ascaris lumbricoides (intestinal nematode)
Aseptic meningitis (*)- Coxsackie B virus, Echovirus, Mumps virus, Coxsackie A virus, Polio virus, (5 most common) then Human Herpesvirus 1, Arboviruses, Lymphocytic choriomeningitis viruses (Arenavirus), Encephalomycarditis viruses, Louping Ill virus, Pseudolymphocytic meningitis virus, Hepatitis viruses, Adenoviruses, Rhinoviruses.
Athlete's foot - Tinea pedis - Trichophyton spp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Australian tick typhus- Australian Spotted Fever- Queensland Tick Typhus- Rickettsia australis, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
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B
Babesiosis - Babesia microti (protozoan parasite; transmitted by dear tick)
Bang's disease - Brucellosis - Brucella sp. (G- coccobacillus; zoonoses)
Bay sore - Chiclero's ulcer - Leishmania leishmania mexicana (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Bartonellosis - Verruga peruana- Carrion's disease - Oroya fever - Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
"Black death" (plague) - Yersinia pestis (G- rod: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Black piedra- Piedraia hortai (fungal infection of hair shaft)
Bacillary angiomatosis - Bartonella henselae (pleomorphic G-)
Balanitis- Candida albicans (yeast)- most common.
Balantidiasis- Balantidium coli (flagellated protozoan)
Beaver fever - giardiasis - Giardia lamblia
Beef tapeworm - Taenia saginata
Bejel - endemic syphilis - Treponema pallidum var. pallidum
Black Bane- Anthrax- Malignant pustule- Wool sorter's disease- Tanner's disease- Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Black Piedra= Piedraia hortai
Blackwater Fever- Malaria- Plasmodium falciparum (sporozoan parasite)
Blastomycosis- Chicago disease- Gilchrist’s disease- North American blastomycosis- Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
Blennorrhea of the newborn- Chlamydia trachomatis
Blepharitis- infestation of the eyelash follicle by a mite. This results in an allergic reaction which leads to an inflammatory reaction and secondary infection with Staphylococcus aureus or Staphylococcus epidermidis.
Boils - Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
Bornholm disease (pleurodynia) - Coxsackie B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Botulism - Clostridium botulinum (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Boutonneuse fever- Fievre boutonneuse- Tick typhus- Rickettsia conori (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Brazilian purpuric fever - Haemophilus aegyptius (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Break Bone fever- Dengue virus (Flaviviridae)
Brill-Zinsser disease - recrudescent typhus - Rickettsia prowazekii (G- intracellular; flea-borne)
Bronchiolitis (*) - Respiratory syncytial virus (Paramyxovirus), Parainfluenza virus (Paramyxovirus)
Brucellosis - Brucella sp. (G- coccobacillus; zoonoses)
Bullous impetigo- Staphylococcus aureus
Buruli ulcers- Mycoburuli ulcers- Mycobacterium ulcerans
Busse-Buschke disease- Cryptococcosis- Torulosis- European blastomycosis- Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
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C
California group encephalitis - California encephalitis virus, La Crosse virus, Jamestown Canyon, Snowshoe hare virus (Bunyavirus) mosquitoes
Candidiasis- Moniliasis- infection of the mucous membranes (mouth, esophagus, vagina) caused by the yeast Candida albicans.
Capillariasis - Capillaria philippinensis (intestinal nematode)
Carate - Mal del pinto - Pinta - Treponema pallidum var. carateum
Carbuncle - Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
Carrion's disease - Bartonellosis - Oroya fever - Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
Cat Scratch fever - Cat Scratch Disease- Bartonella henselae (pleomorphic G-)
Cave disease- Darling's Disease- spelunker’s disease- Histoplasmosis- Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
Cervical cancer - human papilloma virus (Papovavirus)
Chancroid - Haemophilus ducreyi (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Chicago disease- Blastomycosis- Gilchrist’s disease- North American blastomycosis- Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
Chagas disease - Trypanosomiasis - American= Trypanosoma cruzi (Triatomine bugs= kissing bug or assassin bugs)
Chickenpox - Varicella-Zoster virus (VZV or Human herpes 3 virus)
Chiclero's ulcer - Bay sore - Leishmania leishmania mexicana (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Chlamydia - Chlamydiae trachomatis (Obligate intracellular)
Chlamydial infection- Chlamydiae trachomatis (Obligate intracellular)
Cholera - Vibrio cholerae (G- rods: facultative-curved: enteric pathogens)
Chromoblastomycosis - Fonsecaea pedrosoi (fungus)
Clap - Gonorrhea - Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Clonorchiasis - Liver fluke infection - Clonorchis sinensis (liver flukes)
Coccidioidomycosis- San Joaquin Valley fever, desert rheumatism, Posada-Wernicke disease- Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus).
Coenurosis - Taenia spp.(larval cestode infection)
Colorado tick fever - Colorado tick fever virus (Reovirus)
Condyloma accuminata - Warts - Papilloma virus
Condyloma lata - Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (spirochete) secondary syphilis
Conjunctivitis (*) - Haemophilus aegyptius (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens), Chlamydiae trachomatis (Obligate intracellular)
Cowpox - vaccinia virus (Poxvirus)
Crabs - Pediculosis - lice
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - prion (a protein)
Croup, infectious - parainfluenza viruses 1-3 (Paramyxovirus)
Cryptococcosis- Busse-Buschke disease- Torulosis- European blastomycosis- Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
Cutaneous Larval Migrans - Ancylostoma braziliense (filariform larvae; parasite) and many other parasitic worms normally found in animals.
Cyclosporiasis- Cyclospora cayetanensis
Cysticercosis - Taenia solium (larval form of the cestode)
Cystic hydatid - Echinococcus granulosus (larval cestode infection)
Cystitis(*) - most common= Escherichia coli, others include Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp., Serratia sp., Proteus sp., Providencia sp., Morganella sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, (the previous organisms are G- rods), Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus agalactiae, (G+ cocci), and Candida albicans (yeast)
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D
Dacryocytitis- Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae
Darling's Disease- cave disease- spelunker’s disease- Histoplasmosis- Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
Deer fly fever - tularemia- rabbit fever- Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Dengue - Break Bone fever- dengue fever - dengue virus (Flavivirus)
Desert rheumatism- Coccidioidomycosis- San Joaquin Valley fever- Posada-Wernicke disease- Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus).
"Devil's grip"(pleurodynia) - Coxsackie B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Diphtheria - Corynebacterium diphtheriae (G+ rod: non-sporulating: non-filamentous)
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation(*) - most commonly Escherichia coli (G- rod)
Dwarf tapeworm - Hymenolepis nana (intestinal cestode)
Dog tapeworm - Diphylidium caninum (intestinal cestode)
Donovanosis - Granuloma inguinale- Calymmatobacterium granulomatis (G- rod; Donovan bodies)
Dracontiasis - Guinea Worm - Dirofilaria medinensis (parasitic worm)
Dracunculosis- Dracunculus medinensis (parasite; nematode; "Little dragon of Medina")
Duke's disease- viral rash- Coxsackievirus or Echovirus
Dum Dum Disease - Kala Azar - Visceral Leishmaniasis - Leishmania leishmania donovani, L. leishmania infantum, L. leishmania chagasi (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Durand-Nicholas-Favre disease - Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) - Chlamydia trachomatis (intracellular G- bacteria; the L serotypes)
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E
Eastern equine encephalitis - EEE virus (Togavirus)
Ebola hemorrhagic fever - Ebola virus (Filovirus)
Ectothrix - fungal infection of the hair shaft - Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
Ehrlichiosis - Ehrlichia sp. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Epidemic typhus- Rickettsia prowazekii, (G- intracellular; spread by lice)
Encephalitis- Mumpsvirus, Human Herpesvirus 1 (Herpes Simplex 1 Virus), Any of 350 different arboviruses, Enteroviruses (polio, Coxsackie, ECHO), Adenovirus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Endemic Relapsing fever- Borrelia sp.
Endemic syphilis -Bejel - Treponema pallidum var. pallidum
Endophthalmitis- Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus cereus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes.
Endothrix - fungal infection of the hair shaft - Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
Enterobiasis - Pinworm infection - Enterobius vermicularis (intestinal nematode)
Epidemic Relapsing fever- Borrelia recurrentis
Epiglottitis (*)- Haemophilus influenzae (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens
Erysipeloid - Erysipelothricosis - Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (G+ rod)
Erysipelis- Streptococcus pyogenes
Erythema chronicum migrans - seen in Lyme disease
Erythema marginatum - seen in rheumatic fever
Erythema multiforme - seen in coccidioidomycosis (Coccidioides immitis)
Erythema nodosum - seen in coccidioidomycosis (Coccidioides immitis)
Erythema nodosum leprosum - Mycobacterium leprae
Erythema infectiosum - (Slapped cheek syndrome; fifth disease) Parvovirus B19 (Parvovirus)
Erythrasma - Corynebacterium minutissimum
Espundia - Leishmania viannia braziliensis (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Eumycotic mycetoma- Madura foot- Pseudallescheria boydii, Madurella grisea,Madurella mycetomatis (fungi)
European blastomycosis- Torulosis- Busse-Buschke disease- Cryptococcosis- Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
Eyeworm - Loiasis - Loa loa (parasitic worm)
Exanthem subitum - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease- "Sudden Rash", Rose rash of infants, 3-day fever- Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
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F
Fascioliasis - Liver fluke infection - Fasciola hepatica (liver flukes)
Fievre boutonneuse- Tick typhus- Rickettsia conori
"Fifth" disease (erythema infectiosum) - Parvovirus B19 (Parvovirus)
Fish tapeworm - Diphyllobothrium latum
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome - Perihepatitis - Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Flinders Island Spotted Fever- Rickettsia honei
Flu- Influenza - Influenza viruses A, B, and C (Orthomyxovirus)
Four Corners Disease - Human Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) - Sin Nombre Virus (Hantaan virus group; Bunyavirus)
14-day measles- Rubeola-measles- Morbilli- Hard measles- Rubeola virus
Frambesia - Yaws -Treponema pallidum var. pertenue
Furunculosis = boil- furuncle- Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
Folliculitis - Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
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G
Gas gangrene - Clostridium perfringens (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Gastroenteritis - Norwalk virus (Calicivirus), rotavirus (Reovirus)
Genital Herpes- Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (Human Herpes Virus-2) occasionally HSV-1 (HHV-1)
Genital Warts- Human Papilloma virus (various serotypes)
German measles- Rubella- 3-day measles- Rubella virus
Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker (GSS) - - prion (a protein)
Giardiasis - Giardia lamblia
Gilchrist’s disease- Chicago disease- Blastomycosis- North American blastomycosis- Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
Gingivostomatitis - HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Gingivitis- various anaerobic bacteria in the mouth
Glanders - Burkholderia mallei (used to be named Pseudomonas mallei; G- rod)
Gnathostomiasis- Gnathostoma spinigerum (third stage larvae of a nematode (parasitic worm))
Gonorrhea - Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Granuloma inguinale - Donovanosis- Calymmatobacterium granulomatis (G- rod)
Guinea Worm - Dracontiasis - Dirofilaria medinensis (parasitic worm)
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H
Hamburger disease- Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome- Escherichia coli O157 H7 strain.
Hand-foot-mouth disease - Coxsackie A-16 virus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Hansen's disease - leprosy- Mycobacterium leprae (Acid-fast positive)
Hantaan-Korean hemorrhagic fever - Hantavirus (Bunyavirus)
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) - Hantavirus (Bunyavirus)
Hard chancre - syphilis - Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum
Hard measles- Rubeola- measles- 14-day measles - Morbilli- Rubeola virus
Haverhill fever - Rat bite fever - Streptobacillus moniliformis (G-; rod)
Helicobacterosis - duodenal ulcers - Helicobacter pylori (G- curved rod)
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome- Hamburger disease- Escherichia coli O157 H7 strain.
Hepatitis A - hepatitis A virus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Hepatitis B - hepatitis B virus (Hepadnavirus)
Hepatitis C - hepatitis C virus (Flavivirus)
Hepatitis D - hepatitis D virus (Deltavirus)
Hepatitis E - hepatitis E virus (Calicivirus)
Herpangina (*) - Coxsackie A (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Enterovirus 7 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Herpes, genital - HSV-2 (Herpesvirus)
Herpes labialis - HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Herpes, neonatal - HSV-2 (Herpesvirus)
Hidradenitis - Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
HIV - human immunodeficiency virus (Retrovirus)
Histoplasmosis - Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
Hookworm infections - Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus (intestinal nematode)
Hordeola- Stie- Staphylococcus aureus
HTLV- associated myelopathy (HAM) - Human T-cell Leukemia viruses I or II (retrovirus)
Human Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) - Four Corners Disease - Sin Nombre Virus (Hantaan virus group; Bunyavirus)
Human monocytic ehrlichiosis - Ehrlichia chaffeensis. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis - Ehrlichia equi. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Hydatid cyst - Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, Echinococcus vogeli (larval cestode infection)
Hydrophobia - Rabies - Rabies virus (Rhabdovirus)
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I
Impetigo- Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus
Inclusion conjunctivitis - Swimming Pool conjunctivitis- Pannus - Chlamydia trachomatis (G- intracellular) eye infection
Infantile diarrhea- Escherichia coli (ETEC- enterotoxigenic E. coli)
Infectious Mononucleosis - Epstein-Barr virus (Herpesvirus; HHV-4)
Infectious myocarditis (*) - Coxsackie B1-B5 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Infectious pericarditis (*)- Coxsackie B1-B5 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Influenza- Flu - Influenza viruses A, B, and C (Orthomyxovirus)
Israeli spotted fever - unnamed Rickettsia (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Isosporiasis- Isospora belli (protozoan)
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J
Japanese B encephalitis virus - JEE virus (Flavivirus)
Jock itch - Tinea cruris - Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
Jorge Lobo disease - lobomycosis, Lobo's mycosis, Keloidal blastomycosis - Paracoccidioides loboi (Fungus)
Junin Argentinian hemorrhagic fever - Juninvirus (Arenavirus)
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K
Kala Azar - Visceral Leishmaniasis - Leishmania leishmania donovani, L. leishmania infantum, L. leishmania chagasi (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Keratoconjunctivitis (*) - Viral conjunctivitis- Adenovirus (Adenovirus), HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Kaposi's sarcoma - Human Herpes Virus 8 (Herpesvirus) or Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated Herpes Virus (KSHV)
Kuru - prion (a protein)
Kyasanur forest disease - KFD virus (flavivirus) tick-borne
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L
LaCrosse encephalitis - LaCross virus (Bunyavirus)
Lassa hemorrhagic fever - Lassavirus (Arenavirus)
Legionnaire's pneumonia - Legionella pneumophila (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Leprosy (Hansen's disease) - Mycobacterium leprae (Acid-fast positive)
Leptospirosis - Leptospira interrogans (spiral shaped bacteria)
Lemierre's Syndrome- Fusobacterium necrophorum (G- rod; anaerobe)
Listerosis - Listeria monocytogenes (G+ rod)
Liver fluke infection - Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, Fasciola hepatica (liver flukes)
Lockjaw - Tetanus - Clostridium tetani (G+ rod; anaerobe)
Loiasis - Eyeworm - Loa loa (parasitic worm)
Louping Ill - Flavivirus (arbovirus) ticks
Ludwig's angina- usually a polymicrobial infection (cellulitis of the floor of the mouth with spread to the submental, sublingual and submandibular spaces). Bacteria from mouth.
Lung fluke infection - Paragonimus westermani
Lyme disease - Borrelia burgdorferi (Spirochetes)
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) - Chlamydia trachomatis (intracellular G- bacteria; the L serotypes)
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M
Machupo Bolivian hemorrhagic fever - Machupovirus (Arenavirus)
Madura foot- Eumycotic mycetoma- Pseudallescheria boydii, Madurella grisea,Madurella mycetomatis (fungi)

Malaria - Plasmodium sp. (protozoan parasite)
Mal del pinto - Pinta - Treponema pallidum var. carateum
Malignant pustule- Black Bane- Anthrax- Wool sorter's disease- Tanner's disease- Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Malta fever - Brucellosis- Brucella sp. (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Marburg hemorrhagic fever - Marburg virus (Filovirus)
Measles - Morbilli- Hard measles- Rubeola- measles- 14-day measles- rubeola virus (Paramyxovirus)
Mediterannean spotted fever- Rickettsia coronii, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
Melioidosis - Whitmore's disease- Burkholderia pseudomallei (used to be called Pseudomonas pseudomallei; G- rod: aerobic)
Meningitis, aseptic (*) - Coxsackie A and B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Echovirus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (Arenavirus), HSV-2 (Herpesvirus), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Acid-fast)
Meningitis, bacterial (*) - Neisseria meningitidis (G- cocci), Haemophilus influenzae (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens), Listeria monocytogenes (G+ rod: non-sporulating: non-filamentous), Streptoccoccus pneumoniae (G+ cocci), Group B streptococcus (G+ cocci)
Milker's nodule - Parapoxvirus
Molluscum contagiosum - Molluscipoxvirus (Poxvirus)
Moniliasis- candidiasis- infection of the mucous membranes caused by the yeast Candida albicans.
Mononucleosis - Epstein-Barr virus (Herpesvirus; HHV-4)
Mononucleosis-like syndrome (*) - Cytomegalovirus (CMV; Herpesvirus; HHV-5)
Montezuma's Revenge- Traveler's diarrhea - Any number of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Vibrio, etc.), viruses (Rotaviruses, Norwalk-like agents), or parasites (Giardia, Entamoeba, Cryptosporidium)that cause diarrhea.
Morbilli- Hard measles- Rubeola- measles- 14-day measles - Rubeola virus
Mucormycosis- Zygomycosis- Rhizopus arrhizus (fungus)
Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome or MODS (*)- if infectious see Septic Shock for common causes.
Mumps - mumps virus (Paramyxovirus)
Murine typhus - Rickettsia typhi (G- intracellular; rodents and fleas)
Murray Valley encephalitis - Flavivirus (arbovirus) mosquito
Mycoburuli ulcers- Buruli ulcers- Mycobacterium ulcerans
Mycotic vulvovaginitis- Candida albicans (yeast)
Myositis- Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus
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N
Negishi - Flavivirus (arbovirus) vector unknown
Necrotizing fasciitis- Type 1= Streptococcus pyogenes: Type 2= Staphylococcus aureus
Nocardiosis - Nocardia (G+: non-sporulating: filamentous)
Nongonococcal urethritis(*) - Chlamydia trachomatis (G-; intracellular bacteria), Mycoplasma genitalium (bacterium without a cell wall), Ureaplasma urealyticum (bacterium without a cell wall), Gardnerella vaginalis (G variable rod), Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite), and Herpes Simplex virus (herpes virus)
North American blastomycosis- Gilchrist’s disease- Chicago disease- Blastomycosis- Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
North Asian tick typhus - Rickettsia sibirica (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Norwegian itch - Scabies - Sarcoptes scabiei (parasitic mite)
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O
Omsk hemorrhagic fever - OHF virus (Flavivirus; tick borne)
Onchoceriasis - River Blindness - Onchocerca volvulus (parasitic worm)
Onychomycosis- Tinea unguium - Ringworm of the nails- Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Opisthorchiasis - Liver fluke infection - Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus (liver flukes)
Opthalmia neonatorium - Gonorrhea - Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Ornithosis - Parrot fever - Psittacosis - Chlamydia psittaci (G- intracellular)
Oral hairy leukoplakia - Epstein Barr Virus (Human Herpes virus 4)
Oriental Spotted Fever - Rickettsia japonica (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Oriental Sore - Leishmania leishmania major and L. leishmania tropica (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Orf - Orfvirus (Poxvirus)
Oroya fever - Carrion disease - Bartonellosis - Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.Otitis externa (*) - Pseudomonas aeruginosa (G- rod: aerobic)
Otitis media- Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influnezae, Moraxella catarrhalis, various viruses.
Otitis externa- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
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P
Parotitis - Mumps - Mumps virus (paramyxovirus)
Paronychia - Candida albicans (yeast), Herpes Simplex virus (herpes virus)
Parrot fever - Ornithosis- Psittacosis - Chlamydia psittaci (G- intracellular)
Pannus - Chlamydia trachomatis (G- intracellular) eye infection
Paragonimiasis - Lung fluke infection - Paragonimus westermani
Paracoccidioidomycosis - Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (dimorphic fungi)
PCP pneumonia- Pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinii
Pediculosis - lice
Peliosis hepatica - Bartonella henselae (pleomorphic G-)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - two most common = Neiserria gonorrhoeae (G- coccus), Chlamydia trachomatis, then Anaerobic bacteria (ex. Bacteroides), Facultative Gram negative rods (ex. E. coli), Mycoplasma hominis, Actinomyces israelii (IUD recipients: G+ rod)
Pertussis - Whooping cough- Bordetella pertussis (G- rods: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Pharyngoconjunctival fever (*) - Adenovirus 1-3 and 5 (Adenovirus)
Phaeohyphomycosis(*) - over 75 different species of fungi, most common= Phaeoaellomyces werneckii and P. hortae
Piedra- Black Piedra= Piedraia hortai, White Piedra= Trichosporon beigelii
Pigbel- beta-toxin of Clostridium perfringens type C
"Pink eye" conjunctivitis (*) - Haemophilus aegyptius (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens) and/or Moraxella lacunata (G- diplococcus)
Pinta - Treponema pallidum var. carateum
Pinworm infection - Enterobiasis - Enterobius vermicularis (intestinal nematode)
Pitted Keratolysis - Micrococcus sedentarius (G+ coccus)
Pityriasis versicolor- Tinea versicolor- Malassezia furfur (fungus)
Plague - Yersinia pestis (G- rod: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Pleurodynia - Coxsackie B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Pneumonia, viral (*) - respiratory syncytial virus (Paramyxovirus), CMV (Herpesvirus)
Pneumocystosis - Pneumocystis carinii (protozoan parasite)
Polio or Poliomyelitis - Polioviruses types I, II, and III (picornavirus)
Polycystic hydatid - Echinococcus vogeli (larval cestode infection)
Pontiac fever - Legionella pneumophila (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Pork tapeworm - Taenia solium
Posada-Wernicke disease- Desert rheumatism- Coccidioidomycosis- San Joaquin Valley fever- Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus)
Postanginal septicemia- Lemierre's Syndrome- Fusobacterium necrophorum (G- rod; anaerobe)
Powassan - Flavivirus (arbovirus) ticks
Progressive multifocal leukencephalopathy - JC virus (Papovavirus)
Progressive Rubella Panencephalitis - Rubella virus (togavirus)
Prostatitis, bacterial(*) - most common = Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp., Proteus sp., Pseudomonas sp., Enterobacter sp., Serratia sp., (G- rods), Enterococcus feacalis (G+ coccus)
Pseudomembranous colitis - Clostridium difficile (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Psittacosis - Chlamydia psittaci (G- intracellular)
Puerperal fever- Streptococcus pyogenes
Pyelonephritis(*) - similar to cystitis
Pylephlebitis - Bateroides fragilis (G- anaerobic rod), Peptostreptococcus spp (G+ anaerobic cocci), Clostridium spp.(G+ anaerobic rods), and several of the Enterobacteriaceae (G- rods; ferment glucose)
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Q
Q fever - Coxiella burnetti (Obligate intracellular: Rickettsia)
Australian tick typhus- Australian Spotted Fever- Queensland Tick Typhus- Rickettsia australis, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
Quinsy- Peritonsillar abscess- a complication of untreated Strep. throat (Streptococcus pyogenes)
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R
Rabies - rabies virus (Rhabdovirus)
Rabbit fever- deer fly fever- Tularemia- Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Rat bite fever - Streptobacillus moniliformis (G-; rod)
Rat tapeworm - Hymenolepis diminuta
Reiter Syndrome (*)- resulting from a nongonococcal sexually transmitted disease due usually to Chlamydia trachomatis or from an infectious diarrhea (Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia). Persons with an HLA-B27 major histocompatibility complex are more likely to get this disease.
Relapsing fever- Borrelia recurrentis
Rheumatic fever - Streptococcus pyogenes (nonsuppurative complication of Strep throat)
Rhodotorulosis - Rhodotorula spp. (fungus)
Rickettsialpox - Rickettsia akari (G-; intracellular) from mite bites
Ringworm - Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
River Blindness - Onchoceriasis - Onchocerca volvulus (parasitic worm)
Rocky Mountain spotted fever - Rickettsia rickettsii (Obligate intracellular)
Rose Handler's disease - Sporotrichosis - Sporothrix schenckii (dimorphic fungi)
Rose rash of infants- Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease - Roseola infantum - Exanthem subitum - "Sudden Rash"- 3-day fever- Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Roseola - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease - Exanthem subitum - Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Roundworm infections - Ascariasis - Ascaris lumbricoides (intestinal nematode)
Rotavirus infections - Rotavirus (reovirus)
Rubella - German measles- 3-day measles- rubella virus (Togavirus)
Rubeola-measles- 14-day measles- Hard measles- Morbilli- Rubeola virus
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S
Salmonellosis - Salmonella spp. (G- rod)
San Joaquin Valley fever- Posada-Wernicke disease- Desert rheumatism- Coccidioidomycosis- Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus).
Sao Paulo Encephalitis - Flavivirus (arbovirus)
SARS- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- SARS-coronavirus or SARS-CoV
Scabies - Norwegian itch - Sarcoptes scabiei (parasitic mite)
Scarlet fever - Scarlatina- Streptococcus group A (Streptococcus pyogenes)
Scarlatina- Scarlet fever - Streptococcus group A (Streptococcus pyogenes)
Scalded Skin Syndrome - Staphylococcus aureus (exfoliative toxin producing strains)
Schistosomiasis - Schistosoma mansoni, S. japonicum, and S. haematobium (protozoan parasites; blood flukes)
Scrub typhus - Rickettsia tsutsugamushi (G- intracellular; chigger bite)
Sennetsu fever - Ehrlichiosis - Ehrlichia sp. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Sepsis- See Septic Shock below.
Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. urinary tract think Escherichia coli; community acquired pneumonia think Streptococcus pneumoniae).
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- SARS-coronavirus or SARS-CoV
Shigellosis - Shigella sp. (G- rod)
Shingles (zoster) - varicella zoster virus (Herpesvirus)
Shipping fever - Pasteurella multocida (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Siberian tick typhus- Rickettsia sibirica, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
Sinusitis(*) - most common= Streptococcus pneumoniae (G+ coccus) and Haemophilus influenzae (G- pleomorphic rod)
Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease - Roseola infantum - Exanthem subitum - "Sudden Rash"- 3-day fever- Rose rash of infants- Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) and HHV-7 (occasionally)
"Slapped cheek" disease (erythema infectiosum; Fifth disease) - Parvovirus B19 (Parvovirus)
Smallpox - variola virus (Poxvirus) - no naturally acquired cases since October 1977; Somalia
Snail Fever- Schistosoma (protozoan parasite)
Sleeping sickness- viral encephalitis - Mumps virus, Human Herpes virus 1, any of 350 different Arboviruses, Poxvirus, Enteroviruses (polio, Coxsackie, ECHO), Adenoviruses, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (retrovirus)
Sparganosis - Spirometra sp.(cestode larvae infection)
Spelunker’s disease- Cave disease- Darling's Disease- Histoplasmosis- Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
Spotted fever- same as meningitis (bacterial)
Soft chancre - Chancroid - Haemophilus ducreyi (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Sporadic typhus- Rickettsia prowazekii, (G-, intracellular bacterium; spread by fleas)
Sporotrichosis - Sporothrix schenckii (dimorphic fungi)
Stie- Hordeola- Staphylococcus aureus
St. Louis encephalitis - SLE virus (Flavivirus)
Strep. throat- Streptococcus pyogenes (G+ coccus).
Strongyloiciasis - Threadworm - Strongyloides stercoralis (intestinal nematode)
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE) - Measles virus
"Sudden Rash"- 3-day fever- Exanthem subitum - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease- Rose rash of infants- Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Swimmer's ear- Otitis externa- Pseudomonas aeruginosa (common in diabetic patients)
Swimmer's Itch - Schistosoma avium (bird schistosomes)(protozoan parasite)
Swimming Pool conjunctivitis- Inclusion conjunctivitis - Pannus - Chlamydia trachomatis (G- intracellular) eye infection
Syphilis - Treponema pallidum (Spirochetes; bacteria)
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome or SIRS (*)- if infectious see Septic Shock for common causes.
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T
Tabes dorsalis - tertiary syphilis - Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (Spirochetes)
Taeniasis - see Tapeworm infections with Taenia species.
Tanner's disease - Wool sorters' disease- Malignant pustule- Black Bane- Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Tapeworm infections - Taenia solium (pork tapeworm), Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), Diphyllobothrium latum (fish tapeworm),Hymenolepis nana (dwarf tapeworm), Hymenolepis diminuta (rat tapeworm), Diphylidium caninum (dog tapeworm) (intestinal cestodes)
TB- Tuberculosis - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Acid-fast bacterium)
Temporal lobe encephalitis (*) - HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Tetanus - Clostridium tetani (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Threadworm infections - Strongyloiciasis - Strongyloides stercoralis (intestinal nematode)
3-day fever- Exanthem subitum - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease- "Sudden Rash", Rose rash of infants- Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
3-day measles- German measles- Rubella- Rubella virus
Thrush - Candida albicans (yeast)
Tick typhus- Fievre boutonneuse- Rickettsia conori
Tinea barbae - Trichophyton verrucosum, T. mentagrophytes, T. rubrum, T. megninii (fungi)
Tinea capitis - Ringworm of the head- Microsporum sp., Trichophyton sp.(fungi)
Tinea corporis - Ringworm of the body- Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea manuum - Ringworm of the hand- Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea cruris - Ringworm of the groin- Candida albicans (yeast), Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea nigra- Exophiala werneckii
Tinea pedis - Ringworm of the feet- Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum(fungi)
Tinea unguium - Onychomycosis- Ringworm of the nails- Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea versicolor- Pityriasis versicolor- Malassezia furfur (fungus)
Torulopsosis - Torulopsis glabrata and T. candida (fungus)
Torulosis- Busse-Buschke disease- Cryptococcosis- European blastomycosis- Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
Toxic Shock Syndrome - Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ cocci; producing TSST) and Streptococcus pyogenes (G+ cocci)
Toxoplasmosis - Toxoplasma gondii (protozoan parasite)
Traveler's diarrhea - Any number of bacteria (Escherichia coli (most common), Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Vibrio, etc.), viruses (Rotaviruses, Norwalk-like agents), or parasites (Giardia, Entamoeba, Cryptosporidium) that cause diarrhea.
Trench fever- 5-day fever- Bartonella quintana (G- rod)
Trench mouth or Vincent's disease- Various anaerobic bacteria in the mouth
Trichuriasis - Whipworm infection - Trichuris trichiura (intestinal nematode)
Trichomoniasis - Vaginitis - Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite)
Trichomycosis axillaris - Corynebacterium tenuis (G+ rod)
Tropical Spastic Paraparesis (TSP) - Human T-cell Leukemia viruses I or II (retrovirus)
Trypanosomiasis - African= Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (tsetse fly-borne), American= Trypanosoma cruzi (Triatomine bugs= kissing bug or assassin bugs)
Tuberculosis - TB- Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Acid-fast bacterium)
Tularemia- rabbit fever- deer fly fever- Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Typhoid fever - Salmonella typhi (G- rod: facultative-straight: enteric pathogens)
Typhus fever - Rickettsia prowazekii (G- intracellular; louse-borne), Rickettsia typhi (G- intracellular; flea-borne)
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U, V
Ulcus molle - Soft chancre - Chancroid - Haemophilus ducreyi (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Undulant fever - Brucella sp. (G- coccobacillus: zoonoses)
Urethritis - Herpes Simplex virus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Vaginosis, bacterial - Peptostreptococccus sp., Bacteriodes sp., Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus sp., Mycoplasma sp. (clue cells)
Vaginitis - Candida albicans (yeast; Mycotic vulvovaginitis), Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite; Trichomoniasis)
Varicella -chickenpox - Varacella-Zoster virus (VZV or Human herpes 3 virus)
Venezuelan Equine encephalitis - Alphavirus (arbovirus)
Verruga peruana- Carrion's disease - Bartonellosis - Oroya fever - Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
Vincent's disease or Trench mouth- Various anaerobic bacteria in the mouth
Viral conjunctivitis (*) - Keratoconjunctivitis - Adenovirus (Adenovirus), HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Viral rash- Duke's disease- Coxsackievirus or Echovirus
Visceral Larval Migrans - Toxocara canis (parasitic nematode)
Vulvovaginitis - Candida albicans (yeast), Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite), and the causes of bacterial vaginosis.
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W
Warts - Papilloma viruses
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome - Neisseria meningitidis (G- cocci)
Weil's diseases - Leptospirosis - Leptospira interrogans (spiral shaped bacteria)
Western equine encephalitis - WEE virus (Togavirus)
Whipple's disease - Tropheryma whippelii (G+ rod a actinomycete)
Whipworm infection - Trichuriasis - Trichuris trichiura
White Piedra- Trichosporon beigelii
Whitmore's disease- Melioidosis - Burkholderia pseudomallei (used to be called Pseudomonas pseudomallei; G- rod: aerobic)
Whitlow - paronchyia - Herpes simplex virus (herpesvirus)
Whooping cough - Pertussis- Bordetella pertussis (G- small rod)
Winter diarrhea - Rotavirus infections - Rotavirus (reovirus)
Wool sorters' disease - Anthrax- Tanner's disease- Malignant pustule- Black Bane- Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
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XYZ
Yaws -Treponema pallidum var. pertenue (spirochete)
Yellow fever - Yellow fever virus (Flavivirus)
Yersinosis - Yersinia enterocolitica
Zahorsky's disease - Roseola infantum - Exanthem subitum - Sixth disease - Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Zoster - Varicella-Zoster virus (VZV or Human herpes 3 virus)
Zygomycosis- Mucormycosis- Rhizopus arrhizus (fungus)



source of the above page:
http://www.kcom.edu/faculty/chamberlain/Website/diseases.htm



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