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AIDS ---the most common

Author: doctorgirl78, Posted on Thursday, September 25 @ 16:11:14 IST by RxPG  

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Medicine

· Kaposi sarcoma is the most common AIDS-related tumor in homosexual men and in populations in parts of Africa

· Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the second most common AIDS-associated neoplasm



· The most common ocular manifestation of AIDS is a form of retinopathy consisting of cotton-wool spots, hemorrhages, and capillary abnormalities

· Cytomegalovirus (CMV), a double-stranded DNA virus in the herpesvirus family, is the most common cause of life-threatening opportunistic viral infection in AIDS patients
·
· Esophagus is the most common site of HIV related ulcer

· Candidiasis in AIDS=the esophagus is the most common site of infection

· The colon is the most common site of involvement of Histoplasma organisms in the gastrointestinal tract in AIDS patients

· Terminal ileum is the most common gastrointestinal site of disseminated histoplasmosis in the non-AIDS immunocompromised patient

· Cryptosporidiosis in AIDS=the jejunum is the most common site

· Pneumonia is the most common manifestation of P carinii infection in AIDS

· The liver, spleen, and lymph nodes are the most common sites of extrapulmonary pneumocystosis

· The ileocecal region is the most common site of tuberculosis in the gastrointestinal tract

· The most common non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection in AIDS patients is caused by M avium.It is the most common opportunistic infection of bacterial origin in AIDS patients in developed countries . Acquired most commonly through the mouth or gastrointestinal tract

· Bacillary angiomatosis =cutaneous lesions, which mimic those of Kaposi sarcoma, are the most common manifestation

· The most common causes of vision loss affecting patients with AIDS --Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis
· Pulmonary TB is the most common type of TB in persons with HIV infection
· One controversy:
PCP is the most common cause of death in AIDS patient or Liver failure is the most common cause of death in people with AIDS




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