Seen in intestinal obstruction
where the small-intestine folds are stacked to provide this characteristic feature on a
plain x-ray of abdomen
Relief of pain with elevation of
testicle, characteristic of epididymo-orchitis
A tear of medial lemniscus of knee
joint is detectd by tenderness over medial aspect of knee joint during flexion and
internal rotation of knee joint
Grey Turner's sign?
Silk glove sign?
Sister Mary Joseph sign/node
Upward movement of umbilicus on
attempted neck raise ; SLR ; seen with weakness of the lower AAW muscles.
On neck flexion, electric shock
like sensations in the dermatome of affected segment part of spinal cord, seen in multiple
sclerosis / radiation myelopathy.
Seen in rachitic bones,
radioluscent transverse lines in the XR, usually on the concave side of the bone not
extending to the opposite cortex. Most commonly seen in adult osteomalacia, and; renal
Tree root sign on XR,
angiography in vascular occlusion d.t. lymphatics.
In torsion testis, aggravation of
the pain on elevating the testis, differentiates it from acute epididymo-orchitis.
XR sign ; ossification of iliac
apophysis ; used as a measure of skeletal maturity.
In coarctation of aorta, bruits
heard over the back, opening up of the periscapular anastomosis, and increased blood flow
through the IC Aa.
Isolated enlargement of Virchow's
nodes, seen in late stages of abdominal and pelvic malignancies.
sign for 'latent' tetany,
carpopedal spasm on occluding arm blood supply with BP cuff inflated.
Rub skin with blunt end of a pen,
palpable wheal develops in 1-2 min; seen in systemic mastocytosis proliferation of mast
cells with excess histamine release.
A positive sign would be whereby a
squeezing of the gastrocnemius muscle fails to cause plantar flexion of the foot, suggests
rupture of Achilles tendon
The J wave on an EKG seen in
Classic x-ray finding in duodenal
atresia or stenosis of duodenum
Leiomyomas in stomach usually found
in submucosa and grow toward lumen; ulceration may occur and give rise to characteristic
sign on barium radiographs