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Eponyms - E

Author: Andrew J. Yee, M.D., Posted on Thursday, April 15 @ 18:18:20 IST by RxPG  

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Eponyms

EAGLE-BARRETT SYNDROME
prune-belly syndrome with triad of abdominal muscle deficiency, urinary tract abnormalities, and cryptorchidism

EALE'S DISEASE
isolated, peripheral retinal vasculitis

EBSTEIN'S ANOMALY
malformation characterized by the downward displacement of the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle due to anomalous attachment of the tricuspid leaflets; associated with maternal exposure to Li

EDINGER-WESTPHAL NUCLEUS
part of the cranial nerve III complex involved in direct and consensual light reflex involved in efferent limb of reflex arc

EDWARDS'S SYNDROME
trisomy 18, 1/8,000 births, mental retardation, prominent occiput, micrognathia, low-set ears, rocker-bottom feet, flexion deformities of the fingers, and congenital heart disease

EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROMES
clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders that result from defect in collagen synthesis or structure, at least 10 variants, characterized by hyperextensible skin and hypermobile joints

EISENMENGER COMPLEX
a ventricular septal defect with right ventricular hypertrophy, severe pulmonary hypertension, and frequent straddling of the defect by a misplaced aortic root

EISENMENGER SYNDROME
cardiac failure with significant right to left shunt producing cyanosis due to higher pressure on the right side of the shunt; usually due to the Eisenmenger complex any anomalous circulatory communication that leads to obliterative pulmonary vascular disease; or maybe

ELLSWORTH-HOWARD TEST
for diagnosis of pseudohypoparathyroidism by assessing response to exogenous PTH

ELSCHNIG SPOTS
yellow (early) or hyperpigmented (late) patches of retinal pigment epithelium overlying infarcted choriocapillaris lobules in hypertensive retinopathy

EMERY-DREIFUSS MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
distinctive form of muscular dystrophy with humero-peroneal weakness and quite pronounced muscle contractions and by severe cardiac arrhythmias which may cause sudden death; due to mutations in lamin A/C gene on 1q21.2-q21.3

EPPING JAUNDICE
outbreak of jaundice that occurred in 84 individuals after accidental methylene dianiline ingestion in England in 1965

EPSOM SALTS
magnesium sulfate, laxative

EPSTEIN'S PEARLS
small, white cysts along the median raphe of the hard palate

EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS
EBV binds to CD21 found on epithelial cells and B cells; however a large number of T suppressor cells and EBV specific cells are seen as atypical lymphocytes

ERB'S PALSY
upper plexus palsy affecting C5 and C6 and +/- C7 nerve roots

ERLENMEYER'S FLASK DEFORMITY
seen in osteopetrosis, where the ends of long bones are bulbous

EVAN'S SYNDROME
ITP and immunohemolytic anemia

EWART'S SIGN
in large pericardial effusion, dullness to percussion of the left lung over the angle of the scapula may occur; due to compressive atelectasis by the large pericardial sac

EWING'S SARCOMA
onion skinning; small round cell tumor of bone, 85% of cases there is a t(11;22)(q24:q12) translocation



Note: Eponyms Database Author: Andrew J. Yee, M.D. (website: eponyms.net)

You can also revise eponyms using eponyms revision tool available at Eponyms Crammer



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