RxPG - the perfect Rx for medical Post Graduate entrance blues!
Mobile Edition | Help/Newbie? | 24/7 Support
HOT | PrePG | MCQ | DNB | Careers | Books | Colleges | Dental | DocIndia | PLAB |  USMLE  | Australia | Canada | GLOBAL | OffBeat!
Articles | Forums | MCQ Crammer | Downloads | Mnemonics | Revision Tools | Recent Shouts | All Features


Eponyms - G

Author: Andrew J. Yee, M.D., Posted on Thursday, April 15 @ 18:18:42 IST by RxPG  

 FRIEND Add to My Pages   PRINTER Printer Friendly   FRIEND Email Story  FRIEND Download Story  Eponyms alerts 

Eponyms

GAISBΦCK'S SYNDROME
stress polycythemia, combination of modest elevation in hematocrit and normal red cell mass; unknown etiology, seen in hard-driving middle-aged males, usually smokers, who in addition tend to be overweight and hypertensive

GALEAZZI FRACTURE
fracture of the radius at the junction of the middle and distal thirds accompanied by disruption of the distal radioulnar joint

GALEN, GREAT VEIN OF
great cerebral vein

GALLAVARDIN DISSOCIATION
in AS, high-velocity jet within the aortic root results in radiation of murmur upward to 2nd right intercostal space (in older patients, becomes harsh, noisy, and impure), whereas the murmur over apex is pure and often musical, mimicking mitral regurgitation.

GAMEKEEPER'S THUMB
injury to ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb

GANDY-GAMNA NODULES
in congestive splenomegaly, organization of focal hemorrhages giving rise to foci of fibrosis containing deposits of iron and calcium salts encrusted on connective tissue and elastic fibers

GARDNER'S SYNDROME
familial adenomatous polyposis (now realized all patients with FAP have extraintestinal manifestations), exhibiting intestinal polyps identical to those in FAP combined with 1. sebaceous cysts, 2. osteomas (particularly of the mandible, skull, and long bones), 3. desmoid tumors; mutation in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene in 5q

GARDOS CHANNEL
potassium-selective channel controlled by cytosolic calcium concentrations, one of two channels involved in red cell shrinkage playing a role in sickling; local tissue acidosis and deoxygenation-induced influx of calcium activate the Gardos channel resulting in shrinkage; clotrimazole potent blocker of this channel

GARR, SCLEROSING OSTEOMYELITIS OF
typically develops in the jaw, associated with extensive new bone formation that obscures much of the underlying osseous structure

GASTRINOMA TRIANGLE
a triangle where more than 90% of extrapancreatic gastrinomas are located bordered by 1. 3rd portion of duodenum, 2. Cystic duct, 3. Pancreatic neck

GAUCHER'S DISEASE
AR sphingolipidosis (sulfatidose), mutations in glucocerebrosidase gene on 1q21, enzyme cleaves glucose residue from ceramide, frequently fatal; type I, chronic non-neuronopathic form, splenic and skeletal involvement

GERALDI, FOSSA OF
name of the fossa between the testicle and epididymus

GERHARD'S SIGN
in aortic regurgitation, pulsation of the spleen in the presence of splenomegaly

GEROTA'S FASCIA
fascia surrounding the kidney

GERSTMANN SYNDROME
finger agnosia, agraphia, right-left disorientation, and dyscalculia

GERSTMANN-STRAUSSLER-SCHEINKER SYNDROME
slow central nervous system disease, hereditary as well as transmissible prion disease with same mutation, point mutation in codon 102 of prion protein as CJD; characterized by cerebellar dysfunction with multiple plaques

GHON LESION
primary area of tuberculosis infection

GIBBS-DONNAN EQUILIBRIUM
in RBCs, bicarbonate ions diffusing out and chloride diffusing in

GILBERT'S SYNDROME
with the exception of hemolytic anemias, most common cause of mild unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia from mild decrease glucoronyltransferase activity, responds to phenobarbital, affects up to 7% of population

GITELMAN'S SYNDROME
variant of Bartter's syndrome where patients have hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria due to mutations in thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride transporter

GLANZMANN'S THROMBASTHENIA
Gp IIb/IIIa receptor for fibrinogen missing

GLAUBER'S SALT
sodium sulfate, laxative

GLEASON SCORE
prostate cancers stratified into 5 grades on basis of glandular patterns and degree of differentiation; grade 1 most differentiated and grade 5 no glandular differentiation; two grades added together for score; therefore most differentiated tumor score of 2

GLEICH SYNDROME
episodic angioedema with eosinophilia characterzed by recurrent episodes of angioedema, urticaria, pruritus, fever, weight gain, elevated IgM, leukocytosis, and marked eosinophilia; blood eosinophilia parallels disease activity (N Engl J Med 1984;310:1621

GLEICH SYNDROME
recurrent angioedema, urticaria, fever, weight gain and blood hypereosinophilia, elevated serum IgM, benign course without involvement of the internal organs

GLISSON'S CAPSULE
liver capsule

GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASES
type I, von Gierke's disease; type II, Pompe's disease; type III, Cori's disease; type V, McAdle's syndrome

GOETZ SIGN
in PDA, jet of unopacified blood from aorta into opacified blood of pulmonary artery

GOLDIE-COLDMAN HYPOTHESIS
malignant cells likely to acquire spontaneous resistance to cytotoxic drugs as they progressively grow and divide, even without any exposure to those drugs

GONDA'S MANEUVER
extensor plant response by flicking the little toe suggesting upper motor neuron defect

GOOD'S SYNDROME
immunodeficiency associated with thymoma

GOODELL'S SIGN
softening of cervix associated with pregnancy that occurs at around 8th week

GOODPASTURE'S SYNDROME
glomerulonephritis characterized by linear deposits of antibody along the glomerular basement membrane, antibodies interact with alveolar wall, leads to pulmonary hemorrhage and pulmonary fibrosis; Goodpasture antigen, resides in the noncollagenous portion of the alpha3 chain of collagen type IV; high prevalence of DRW15/DQW6, also see iron-deficiency anemia

GOODSALL'S RULE
anal fistulae course in a straight path anteriorly and take a curved path posteriorly

GORDON'S MANEUVER
extensor plant response by squeezing the calf muscle suggesting upper motor neuron defect

GORDON'S SYNDROME
type 2 pseudohypoaldosteronism associated with volume expansion, hypertension, and otherwise normal renal function; felt be to be due to enhanced distal chloride reabsorption

GORHAM-STOUT DISEASE
vanishing or disappearing bone disease; IL-6 has pathogenetic role

GOTTRON'S PAPULES
violaceous papules over knuckle prominences found in dermatomyositis

GOWER'S MANEUVER
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, patient using hands to help himself get up

GRADENIGO'S SYNDROME
thrombosis of inferior petrosal sinus producing ipsilateral facial pain, lateral rectus muscle weakness

GRAHAM STEELL MURMUR
early diastolic murmur of pulmonic regurgitation secondary to pulmonary hypertension, best heard in left 2nd interspace, may be indistinguishable from murmur of aortic regurgation. occurs in 12% of patients with tricuspid regurgiation.

GRAVES'S DISEASE
hyperthyroidism with diffuse goiter, ophthalmopathy, dermopathy from thyroid-stimulating Ig

GREIG CEPHALOPOLYDACTYLY SYNDROME
rare autosomal dominant developmental disorder characterized by craniofacial abnormalities and post-axial and pre-axial polydactyly as well as syndactyly of hands and feet from mutation in GLI3

GREY TURNER'S SIGN
local areas of discoloration about the umbilicus and particularly in the region of the loins, in acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis (1-2%) and other causes of retroperitoneal hemorrhage

GRIFFITH'S SIGN
in thyrotoxicosis, lag of the lower lids during elevation of the globes

GROTTON'S LESIONS
in dermatomyositis, scaling erythematous eruption or dark red patches over the knuckles, elbows, knees

GUAM DISEASE
Guam amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism-dementia linked to a plant excitant neurotoxin found in cycad plant eaten by Chamorro people, toxin believed to be excitotoxin beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine, a low-potency convulsant Science 1987;237:517-22

GUILLAIN-BARRΙ SYNDROME
acute idiopathic polyneuropathy following minor infective illnesses, inoculations, or surgical procedures (suggested association with C. jejuni) resulting in immunologically-mediated demyelination and leading to progressive weakness

GUNN'S SIGN
tapering of veins on either side of AV crossing in hypertensive retinopathy (grade 3); c.f. Salus's sign and Bonnet's sign

GUNTHER'S DISEASE
AR congenital erythropoietic porphyria from decreased URO synthase activity, hemolytic anemia, cutaneous lesions

GUTHRIE TEST
for diagnosis of PKU, a bacterial assay for phenylalanine


Note: Eponyms Database Author: Andrew J. Yee, M.D. (website: eponyms.net)

You can also revise eponyms using eponyms revision tool available at Eponyms Crammer



4 (Excellent) 3(Good) 2(Good) 1(Bad)   


Recommended Books for Eponyms
• Books to read for Eponyms by RxPG

Related Eponyms articles
• Alphabetical List of eponymous medical signs
• Alphabetical List of Eponymous Diseases
• List of eponymous diseases by speciality
• Eponyms - Z
• Eponyms - U
• Eponyms - T
• Eponyms - S
• Eponyms - R
• Eponyms - Q
• Eponyms - P
• Eponyms - O
• Eponyms - N
• Eponyms - L
• Eponyms - K
• Eponyms - J
• Eponyms - I
• Eponyms - H
• Eponyms - F
• Eponyms - G
• Eponyms - E

Related Eponyms Discussions

Other articles by Andrew J. Yee, M.D.
• Eponyms - Z
• Eponyms - U
• Eponyms - T
• Eponyms - S
• Eponyms - R
• Eponyms - Q
• Eponyms - P
• Eponyms - O
• Eponyms - N
• Eponyms - L
• Eponyms - K
• Eponyms - J
• Eponyms - I
• Eponyms - H
• Eponyms - F
• Eponyms - G
• Eponyms - E
• Eponyms - D
• Eponyms - B
• Eponyms - C

 Eponyms FAQ
  FAQ: How to crack acid base questions?
  FAQ: MRCP for a Psychiatrist
  FAQ: What is the most common site for carcinoid?
  Browse all FAQs


Write an Article on Eponyms
You can share your exam experiences, preparation strategies, books you have read or just any information about Eponyms on RxPG website and we will publish it under your name.

Article Rating
Average Score: 5
Votes: 1




Most Read Article
Eponyms - D

Related Links
· Eponym Books on Amazon.com






ARTICLE TOOLS

· Eponyms section
· Articles by Andrew J. Yee, M.D.
· Add to my pages
· Printer friendly version
· PDF version
· Email article
· Feedback on this article
· Medical tutorials
· Related forum posts
· Related articles
· Related downloads
· Submit article
· Eponyms alerts
· Eponyms books
· Eponyms past papers


Most read story about Eponyms:
Eponyms - D



Server Status: 123 pages served in last minute. Page generation time: 0.385 seconds

Site Maps: [Books] [News] [Forums] [Reviews] [Mnemonics]

sitemap - top30 - centuries - testimonials


About Us :: Disclaimer :: Contact Us :: Reporting abuse :: Terms of Services :: Privacy Policy

Advertise with RxPG!
Made in India by RxPG Medical Solutions Private Limited

"RxPG" is a Registered Trademark

Chrome Web Store YouTube Twitter LinkedIn Wikipedia Facebook