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Developmental Milestones

Author: RxPG Team, Posted on Thursday, April 15 @ 18:50:43 IST by RxPG  

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Paediatrics

This exhaustive list of developmental milestones is prepared by one of the volunteer team members at rxpg. We hope this will be useful to you all in your PG and PLAB preparations. If you like it then please leave a comment to encourage the person who did the mammoth task of compiling such exhaustive info in such a small list.

0 - 4 wks

looks at face of caregiver
small, throaty noises
responds to sounds
asymmetrical posture
quiets when picked up

4 - 8 wks

social smile
babbles spontaneously
facial response to sound
head sometimes held erect
reacts to feeding positions

8 - 12 wks

recognizes mother visually
single vowels
glances at rattle in hand
rolls partway to side
anticipates lifting

12 - 16 wks

smiles at mirror image
coos / chuckles
anticipatory excitement
actively holds rattle
regards own hand

16 - 20 wks

aware of novel situations
laughs, vocalizes excitement
takes rattle to mouth
hands engage in midline
anticipates feeding on sight

20 - 24 wks

shows displeasure over loss of toy
spontaneous social vocalization
visual pursuit of dropped object
holds head erect and steady
pats or fingers bottle or breast

24 - 28 wks

plays simple interaction games
attends to music or singing
bangs objects on tabletops
rolls to prone
drinks from cup with assistance

28 - 32 wks

shows anxiety to strangers
polysyllabic vowel sounds
shakes rattle
transfers objects between hands
holds objects voluntarily

32 - 36 wks

imitates simple adult sounds
single syllables (da, ba, ka)
plays with two toys at same time
pivots while in prone position
feeds self cracker or cookie

36 - 40 wks

waves bye-bye
says "dada" or "mama" (nonspecific)
uncovers toy hidden by cloth
sits alone with no support
responds to "pick up" gesture

40 - 44 wks

inhibits activity on command
says "dada" or "mama" (specific)
combines toys in play
uses index finger to secure object
cooperates in social games

44 - 48 wks

"gives" toy to mirror image
one word besides "mama" and "dada"
preference for certain toys over others
rolls ball while sitting
gives toy to others without release

48 - 52 wks

initiates games with adult
two words besides "mama" and "dada"
uses crayon to "dot" imitatively
takes two steps independently
releases toy to others

1.25 yrs

shows desire to please parents
combines words and gestures
builds tower of two blocks
runs well, little falling
points to one body part

1.5 yrs

hugs or feeds doll
speaks in sentences
draws imitative stroke
turns knob
understands meaning of "hot"

1.75 yrs

shares toys or possessions
says 50 or more words
uses tool to attain object out of reach
kicks ball
uses spoon well

2 yrs

simple make-believe play
jargon discarded, speech mostly intelligible
makes simple generalizations
turns pages of book, walks up and down stairs
pulls on simple clothing

2.5 yrs

identifies own mirror image
states first and last names
matches simple shapes
holds crayon with fingers
toilet trained during the day

3 yrs

labels affects in self
uses past tense, knows some songs or nursery rhymes
designates action in picture, copies circle
rides tricycle
helps put away things

3.5 yrs

cooperative play, games with rules
uses adjectives and adverbs
copies square, compares sizes
complex block constructions
does simple chores

4 yrs

assumes specific role in play
participates in conversations
draws person with two parts, counts three objects
hops
apologizes for unintentional mistakes

4.5 yrs

elaborate, dramatic play
uses compound sentences
names missing parts, counts four objects
bounces ball
orders food in restaurant

5 yrs

understands rules in games
defines words, names coins
knows days of week, counts 10 objects
throws ball, skips well
dresses and undresses mostly independently

6 yrs

has "best friend"
prints words from memory, reads simple stories
draws person with head, neck, hands
rides bicycle
chooses activities independently

Source and reference is from Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry, 7th edition published by Williams & wilkins, 1994. Table 33.2-1 and 33.2-2.

Compiled. abbreviated and formatted at RxPG






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