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Eponyms - J

Author: Andrew J. Yee, M.D., Posted on Friday, July 02 @ 00:00:00 IST by RxPG  

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Eponyms

JACCOUD'S ARTHRITIS
in SLE, ulnar deviation of the fingers, swan neck deformities, and subluxations, initially reversible since not joint porlbem per se but can become fixed over time

JACKSONIAN MARCH
in simple partial seizures, clonic movements of a single muscle group spreading to involve contiguous regions of the motor cortex

JACKSON-WEISS SYNDROME
craniosynostoses as well as limb defects, mutations if FGFR2, broad great toes

JANEWAY LESIONS
in infective endocarditis; nonpainful, small, erythematous or hemorrhagic macules or nodules of palms or soles; more common in acute bacterial endocarditis but occur in subacute bacterial endocarditis

JANSEN METAPHYSEAL CHONDRODYSPLASIA
an autosomal dominant form of dwarfism resulting from an activating mutation in the PTHrP receptor, premature ossification from acceleration of the transition from proliferative to hypertrophic chondrocytes

JARISCH-HERXHEIMER REACTION
sudden fevers, rigors, and persistent hypotension following antimicrobial treatment of louse-borne relapsing fever (spirochete Borrelia recurrentis infection) or syphilis; treatment with anti-TNF-? Fab before penicillin suppresses this reaction (NEJM 335:311)

JENDRASSIK MANEUVER
for increasing sensitivity of deep tendon reflexes, have patient clasp hands together or grab wrists tightly while checking reflexes

JOB'S SYNDROME
immune deficiency where neutrophils fail to respond to chemotactic stimuli, associated with high levels of IgE; patients susceptible to cold staphylococcal abscesses

JOD-BASEDOW PHENOMENON
thyroid hyperfunction induced by excess iodine ingestion in patients with various thyroid disorders; Jod German for iodine; K. A. Von Basedow

JOFFROY SIGN
in thyrotoxicosis, absence of forehead wrinkling with upward gaze, the head being tilted down; disorder of the arithmetic faculty in the early stages of organic brain disease

JOHN THOMAS SIGN
positive sign when penis inclined to side of the disorder radiographically (e.g., fractured hip); 70% sens 67% specific for JT sign in hip fracture, Med J. Aust. 1998;169:670

JOLLY TEST
good test for distinguishing between Lambert-Eton syndrome and myasthenia gravis. Friedrich Jolly, German neurologist, 1844-1904

JONES CRITERIA
for diagnosing rheumatic fever, major criteria: carditis, polyarthritis, chorea, erythema marginatum, and subcutaneous nodules. minor criteria: arthralgia, fever, elevated ESR, CRP, prolonged PR. in setting of antecedent GAS infection, two major or one major and 2 minor suggests RF. throat cultures negative by the time rheumatic fever appears

JONES'S FRACTURE
fracture at the base of the fifth metatarsal diaphysis


Note: Eponyms Database Author: Andrew J. Yee, M.D. (website: eponyms.net)

You can also revise eponyms using eponyms revision tool available at Eponyms Crammer



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