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Medicine High Yield Notes
Medicine Section - Medicine Study Group - MCQs, Notes, Study Tips and Strategies Forum - Medicine Books

by docshri - 7512 reads, based on 35 votes
*Cat eye syndrome-partial Trisomy (22pter-22q11) Ref-Nelson 18th table 422-2. *Cat allergy-Fel d 1 is the major cat allergen,which can cause allergic manifestation in humans.Ref-Nelson 17th page752 *Cat bite-Most common organism isolated "Pasteurella multocida''. Ref-Harrison 16th 743. *Cat reflex-It is the other name of symmetric neck reflex. ... More

Types of Tongues in Various Medical Conditions
by impactedmolar - 21673 reads, based on 60 votes

Signs in Meningitis
by parin - 12139 reads, based on 22 votes
Hi friends! Here are some of the clinical signs that are seen in meningitis. Some of them are quite common, however, some of them are quite rare...... More

Medical Conditions affecting Nails
by DR.K.B.RAVVA. - 11861 reads, based on 12 votes
(1) Beau's lines Beau's lines are indentations that run across your nails.They can appear when growth at the area under your cuticle is interrupted by injury or severe illness, such as a heart attack. Beau's lines may also be a sign of malnutrition ... More

Differentiating features of Leukemias (Leukaemias)
by Hanna - 10682 reads, based on 16 votes
I. Acute Leukaemias ----------------------------------------------------------- A. Lymphoblastic: --------------------- -Accounts for 20% of all acute leukaemias. -Accounts for 80% of childhood leukaemia. -Peak incidence at age 4 years. Most patients present with an acute illness of several days or less frequently, with tiredness or non-specific aches over several weeks or months. -Clinical features can be grouped into: ... More

Congestive heart failure (CHF)
by Aashish - 4442 reads, based on 6 votes
Congestive heart failure (CHF) (also called heart failure) is the inability of the heart to pump blood effectively to the body, or requiring elevated filling pressures in order to pump effectively. The term heart failure is frequently misused, especially when given as cause of death: it is not synonymous with "cessation of heartbeat". ... More

New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification
by Aashish - 36495 reads, based on 21 votes
The New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification provides a simple way of classifying the extent of heart failure. It places patients in one of four categories based on how much they are limited during physical activity: I No symptoms and no limitation in ordinary physical activity. II Mild symptoms and slight limitation during ordinary activity. Comfortable at rest. III Marked limitation in activity due to symptoms, even during less-than-ordinary activity. Comfortable only at rest. IV Severe limitations. Experiences symptoms even while at rest. ... More

by doctor_uae - 3725 reads, based on 5 votes
CRETINISM: Congenital hypothyroidism, leading to retardation and deficient growth. CLINICAL: Baby born with puffy eyelids, narrow palpebral fissures (similar to Down's Syndrome), protruded tongue. Infants are apathetic and sluggish, poor growth and failure to thrive. Often see refractory anemia and dilated heart. ... More

Huntington’s Disease
by tegs - 23578 reads, based on 4 votes
This topic was recently asked in AIIMS May 2004 Paper, so we present it as an contentious topic here. Summary Degenerative neuropsychiatric disorder Slowly progressive cognitive, emotional, and motor decline 90% insidious mid-life onset (35-50 years); 10% juvenile onset (... More

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
by medicol - 3205 reads, based on 2 votes
Like all congenital conditions, this appears at birth and is an enlargement of the adrenal glands, which sit just above the kidney. They produce hormones that control the growth of the body, the development of sex organs and the way the body reacts to stress. ... More

Huntingtons disease
by hanif - 2864 reads, 0 votes
Huntington's chorea was first described by American physician George Sumner Huntington (1850–1916). Now called Huntington’s disease, it affects about 1 person in 20,000 and occurs all over the world. It is an inherited condition. ... More

Effects of various drugs on ECG Results - Commonly asked in MCQs
by RxPG - 8606 reads, based on 8 votes
Click on the read more link below to see the table............ More

Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests
by RespiXP - 13639 reads, based on 12 votes
In general, this is my approach to interpreting a pulmonary function test: First, I look at the FEV1/FVC ratio. If this is below 75%, an obstructive ventilatory defect is present. If the ratio is above 75%, are the FVC and FEV1 low? If so, a restrictive ventilatory defect is likely and I next look at the lung volume section. ... More

ECG Tutorial
by Jo van Schalkwyk - 16217 reads, based on 20 votes
When cell membranes in the heart depolarise, voltages change and currents flow. Because a human can be regarded as a bag of salt water (with baad attitude), in other words, a volume conductor, changes in potential are transmitted throughout the body, and can be measured. When the heart depolarises, it's convenient (and fairly accurate) to represent the electrical activity as a dipole --- a vector between two point charges. Remember that a vector has both a size (magnitude), and a direction. By looking at how the potential varies around the volume conductor, one can get an idea of the direction of the vector. This applies to all intra-cardiac events, so we can talk about a ve... More

Syndromes related to anatomic localization of epilepsy
by - 3171 reads, based on 1 vote
Frontal lobe epilepsy Seizure type simple partial and complex partial often rapid secondary generalization status epilepticus is frequent Symptoms versive movements of the head prominent motor manifestations, which are tonic or postural, especially in the legs complex gestural automatisms at onset Special features short seizures, several times a day and often during sleep despite impairment of consciousness, often minimal or no postictal confusion sometimes mistaken for psychogenic seizures ... More

Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction
by Guest - 5638 reads, based on 2 votes
CHEST PAIN: N.B. Ischaemic until proven otherwise. ISCHAEMIC: ? angina - within ten days of M.I. _ if refractory / at rest / minimal activity > Angiography ? M.I. extension - approx 20 % of post thrombolysis pt's - ST / T wave changes in affected leads - ? re - thrombolysis / PTCA ... More

by Guest - 5265 reads, based on 1 vote
Definition Hemochromatosis is a disease due to increased iron absorption that leads to accumulation of iron in diverse tissues. ... More

Porphyrias: Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis and Treatment
by Guest - 6149 reads, based on 5 votes
Definition Porphyrias are inherited or adquired diseases that result from an abnormal metabolism of heme biosynthesis pathway. The main causes are enzyme deficiencies that lead to heme pathways intermediates accumulation. Heme biosynthesis occurs almost entirely in the liver and bone marrow and is composed by eight reactions, each one of these being catalyzed by an especific enzyme. Therefore, partial or complete deficiency of one of these enzymes result in diferents clinical pictures. We will focus our discussion mainly on clinical grounds. ... More

The Devic's Devilry
by akanksha - 5745 reads, based on 8 votes
DEVIC'S disease,also known as neuromyelitis optica. Introduction: As the name suggests,it affects the nervous system esp the spinal cord and the optic nerve. this is considered to be a variant of multiple sclerosis,a post viral encephalomyelitis,perhaps varicella as the causal element;although another school of thought says,its a separate entity,may be with an autoimmune etiology.... More

The Aching Heart!
by akanksha - 6490 reads, based on 6 votes
We all know,narrowing of coronary artery by an atheromatous plaque causes angina. upto 70% narrowing,patients remain asymptomatic,because of vasodilator reserve. here are few different types of angina,... More

AIDS ---the most common
by doctorgirl78 - 3425 reads, 0 votes
· Kaposi sarcoma is the most common AIDS-related tumor in homosexual men and in populations in parts of Africa · Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the second most common AIDS-associated neoplasm ... More

Supranuclear Gaze Palsy
by tegs - 3473 reads, based on 1 vote
A supranuclear gaze palsy is an inability to look in a particular direction as a result of cerebral impairment. There is a loss of the voluntary aspect of eye movements, but, as the brainstem is still intact, all the reflex conjugate eye movements are normal.... More

Pick's Disease
by RxPG - 3728 reads, based on 3 votes
Alternative names    Lobar sclerosis; Circumscribed brain atrophy; Fronto-temporal dementia; Arnold Pick's disease; Focal cerebral atrophy Definition    A disorder which produces deterioration in mental function caused by loss of brain tissue in discrete areas (focal lesions). Pick's disease is marked by the presence of abnormalities in brain cells (Pick's bodies) which can be found in the affected areas and elsewhere in the brain. Causes, incidence, and risk factors    Pick's disease is a rare disorder similar to senile dementia/Alzheimer's type. What differentiates it from A... More

Multiple System Atrophy
by RxPG - 3865 reads, 0 votes
Alternative names Shy-Drager syndrome; Neurologic orthostatic hypotension; Shy-McGee-Drager syndrome; Parkinson's plus syndrome Definition Multiple system atrophy is a degenerative disorder characterized by the following: ... More

Decorticate Posture
by RxPG - 4678 reads, based on 1 vote
Definition Decorticate posture is an abnormal posturing exemplified by rigidity, flexion of the arms, clenched fists, and extended legs. The person holds the arms bent and inward toward the body with the wrists and fingers bent and held on the chest. Presence of this type of posturing implies severe damage to the brain with immediate need for medical attention. ... More

Decerebrate Posture
by - 8138 reads, based on 1 vote
Definition Decerebrate posture is an abnormal posturing exemplified by rigid extension of the arms with internal rotation, extension of the legs with internal rotation and downward pointing of the toes, and retraction (backward arching) of the head due to a severe injury to the brain at the level of the brainstem or diffuse cortical dysfunction. ... More

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